Chinese President Xi Jinping (1st R) meets with his US counterpart Barack Obama (1st L) on the sidelines of the fourth Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, the US, March 31, 2016. Photo: Xinhua
Chinese President Xi Jinping and US President Barack Obama on Thursday made a joint announcement on nuclear security cooperation after a high-level bilateral meeting held during the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit.
On the occasion of the forth Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington, China and the US will work together to "create a peaceful and stable international environment by reducing the threat of nuclear terrorism and realize a win-win situation and common security through a global nuclear security system that is more comprehensive, coordinating, sustainable and powerful", said the joint announcement, the second of the kind since the two countries issued a joint statement on climate change earlier this year.
According to the joint announcement, China and the US will continue to hold the annual bilateral nuclear security dialogue to prevent nuclear terrorism after the two countries launched the bilateral talks in Stockholm, Sweden on February 20, 2016, which has produced some notable results.
On Thursday, China and the US delivered on their promise to help some international organizations promote the work of nuclear security by providing them with nuclear experts, funds and materials, said the joint announcement, which hailed it as "crucial" to the realization of global nuclear security.
China will continue the cooperation with the US to modify a Shenzhen-based miniature neutron source reactor powered by highly enriched uranium into one fueled by low-enriched uranium, according to the joint announcement. The two countries, with the help of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), will lend a hand to Ghana and Nigeria to conduct the modification of their miniature neutron source reactors, with China reiterating that it will help all countries to which it exported miniature neutron source reactors complete the modification, according to the joint announcement.
The announcement mentioned the Beijing-based nuclear security demonstration center, which has started operation and meets the requirements of nuclear security training. China and the US will continue to work together to give more play to the nuclear security demonstration center in nuclear security training and optimal operating practice, it said.
In terms of nuclear smuggling, China and the US said they would make every effort to prevent terrorists, mobs and unauthorized bodies from obtaining nuclear and radioactive materials. In addition, the two countries will deepen cooperation on nuclear smuggling investigation, detection at customs and retrieval of unsupervised nuclear and radioactive materials. The two sides are mulling a dialogue in 2016, where they will exchange views on the threat of nuclear smuggling and work out means to eliminate it.
The joint announcement thinks highly of the achievements China and the US have made in maintaining the security of radioactive source storage and transportation.
(The article is translated and edited by Ding Yi.)